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Afghanistan Export Performance

Afghanistan is a landlocked country in Southern Asia, bordering Pakistan to the north and west and Iran to the east. Afghanistan's economy is slowly but steadily recovering from decades of strife, with substantial development since 2001. Afghanistan's export base is small and focused on a few markets.

Fruits, nuts, carpet, natural stones, gemstones, medical herbs and saffron are major exports of Afghanistan.  According to UN COMTRADE, in 2018, Afghanistan had an export of nearly 900 Million USD and is increasing.

According to Statista.com, Afghanistan's export has increased to a tremenduos level since 2009, that almost doubled in 2019. Exports make for around 20% of Afghanistan's GDP. Carpets and rugs account for 45 percent of Afghanistan's total exports, followed by dried fruits (31%), and medicinal plants (13%). (12 percent). Pakistan (48 percent of total exports), India (19 percent), and Russia are the main export partners (9 percent). Iran, Iraq, and Turkey are among the others.

According to WorldStopExports, during 2019, the following export product groupings had the largest dollar value in Afghan worldwide shipments;

  1. Fruits, nuts: US$364.7 million (51.5% of total exports)
  2. Gums, resins, other vegetable saps: $135.1 million (19.1%)
  3. Tea, spices: $50.2 million (7.1%)
  4. Gems, precious metals: $33.3 million (4.7%)
  5. Vegetables: $33.2 million (4.7%)
  6. Food industry waste, animal fodder: $17.4 million (2.5%)
  7. Oil seeds: $13.7 million (1.9%)
  8. Textile floor coverings: $11.9 million (1.7%)
  9. Miscellaneous animal-origin products: $5.5 million (0.8%)
  10. Wool: $4.5 million (0.6%)
In conclusion, Afghanistan has competitive advantage in comparison to all other countries in natural resources.